5GASP specific terminology
|5GASP Experimentation APIs service||The back-end service services expose standardized OpenAPIs for providing programmatic access to the lifecycle and the internal Network Application catalogue. This catalogue will contain various Network Applications versions and candidate Network Applications for publishing.|
|5GASP facilities||The 5GASP facilities, tailored to support the specificities of Network Applications and acting as their hosts for testing. Each facility will host the following services: i) Testcase Execution Engine; ii) Monitoring repository per facility.|
|5GASP Network Application marketplace||The 5GASP open marketplace which will contain validated and tested Network Applications for every specified vertical.|
|Blueprint||Flexible service templates.|
|Central Logging||A central logging service which gathers timestamped information from various services across the platform providing means of issue traceability.|
|Certification||The formal attestation or confirmation of certain characteristics of an object, person, or organisation.|
|Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment||CI/CD||Combined practices of continuous integration and either continuous delivery or continuous deployment.|
|Development and Operations||DevOps||A set of practices that works to automate and integrate the processes between software development and IT teams so they can build, test, and release software faster and more reliable.|
|Issue management||IM||A generic service that notifies all the related stakeholders (Network Application tenants, facility, and platform owners) for any issues during the operation and testing lifecycle.|
|Lifecycle management||The process of managing the entire lifecycle of a product from inception, through engineering design and manufacture, to service and disposal of manufactured products.|
|MANO Client API (SOL005) service||A service that interfaces the operation and experimentation services with the NFV orchestrators of the facilities. The service will implement the ETSI NFV SOL005 interface found in compliant NFVOs.|
|Monitoring repository per facility||A monitoring service in the facility, providing telemetry data from various resources of the facility (e.g. the NFVI, the NFVO, the 5G System, etc.).|
|Network Application||Any application running on one host providing communication to another application running on a different host.|
|Network Application model transformation service||This service will automatically translate and enhance the Network Application archive model and embedded entities for the target facility NFV Orchestrator, depending on the defined model (YANG or TOSCA).|
|Network Application onboarding and Experiment Management UI||The Experimenter facing services, in terms of a centralized Network Applications experimentation portal, that allows to manage tenant’s Network Applications, trigger and monitor the experimentation lifecycle.|
|Network Functions Virtualization Management and Orchestration||NFV-MANO||A framework developed by a working group of the same name within the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) Industry Specification Group for NFV (ETSI ISG NFV).|
|NEtwork Slice Type||NEST||A GST filled with values.|
|OnBoard Unit||OBU||A communication device mounted on vehicles.|
|Onboarding||The process that occurs when new employees or users integrate software into their daily workflows.|
|Open Experimental Testing Platform||The platform that can be used for the duration of the project by 5G Network Applications developers (SME’s and non-SME’s) based on Open-Source Software tools.|
|Open Network Automation Platform||ONAP||A comprehensive platform for orchestration, management, and automation of network and edge computing services for network operators, cloud providers, and enterprises.|
|Open Platform for NFV||OPNFV||A collaborative project under the Linux Foundation that is transforming global networks through open-source Network Functions Virtualization (NFV).|
|RoadSide Unit||RSU||A DSRC communication unit that is located aside the roads.|
|Software Testing||A method to check whether the actual software product matches expected requirements and to ensure that the software product is Defect free.|
|Testcase execution engine||An engine capable of performing automated test based on defined test scripts against the installed Network Application in the facility.|
|V-Model||A model which demonstrates the relationships between each phase of the development and onboarding life cycle and its associated phase of testing.|
|The 5th generation of wireless networks||5G||The fifth generation technology standard for broadband cellular networks.|
|5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership||5G PPP||The joint initiative between the European Commission and European ICT industry (ICT manufacturers, telecommunications operators, service providers, SMEs and researcher Institutions).|
|5G New Radio||5GNR||A new radio access technology (RAT) developed by 3GPP for the 5G (fifth generation) mobile network.|
|Application Programming Interface||API||An interface that defines interactions between multiple software applications or mixed hardware-software intermediaries.|
|Artificial Intelligence||AI||The simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions.|
|Cloud-RAN||C-RAN||A centralized, cloud computing-based architecture for radio access networks that supports 2G, 3G, 4G and future wireless communication standards.|
|Control plane||CP||The part of a network that controls how data packets are forwarded – meaning how data is sent from one place to another.|
|Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems||C-ITS||The concept in which vehicles communicate with each other and/or with roadside infrastructure significantly increasing the quality and reliability of information available about the vehicles, their location and the road environment.|
|User plane||UP||The part of a network that carries user traffic.|
|Enhanced mobile broadband||eMMB||Promises to provide broadband capability to users with a peak data rate of 20 Mbps enabling services such as immersive video.|
|European Telecommunications Standards Institute||ETSI||An independent, not-for-profit, standardization organisation in the field of information and communications.|
|International Organisation for Standardization||ISO||An international non-governmental organisation made up of national standards bodies; it develops and publishes a wide range of proprietary, industrial, and commercial standards and comprises representatives from various national standards organisations.|
|Internet service provider||ISP||An organisation that provides a myriad of services for accessing, using, or participating on the Internet.|
|Key Performance Indicator||KPI||A set of quantifiable measurements used to gauge a product/technology overall long-term performance.|
|Long-Term Evolution||LTE||A standard for wireless broadband communication for mobile devices and data terminals, based on the GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSPA technologies.|
|Machine Learning||ML||The study of computer algorithms that improve automatically through experience and by the use of data.|
|Multi-access Edge Computing||MEC||The concept which offers application developers and content providers cloud-computing capabilities and an IT service environment at the edge of the network.|
|Network Slicing||A method of creating multiple unique logical and virtualized networks over a common multi-domain infrastructure.|
|Network function virtualization||NFV||A network architecture concept that uses the technologies of IT virtualization to virtualize entire classes of network node functions into building blocks that may connect or chain together, to create communication services.|
|Open Source License||OSL||A type of license for computer software and other products that allows the source code, blueprint or design to be used, modified and/or shared under defined terms and conditions.|
|Open Source MANO||OSM||An open-source Management and Orchestration (MANO) stack aligned with ETSI NFV Information Models.|
|Open Source Software||OSS||A type of computer software in which source code is released under a license in which the copyright holder grants users the rights to use, study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.|
|Open Network Edge Services Software||OpenNESS||A MEC software toolkit that enables highly optimized and performance edge platforms to on-board and manage applications and network functions with cloud-like agility across any type of network.|
|OpenSlice||A prototype open source, operations support system|
|Public Protection and Disaster Relief||PPDR||Radio communications refer to radio applications designed for public safety, security, and defence.|
|Quality of Service||QoS||The description or measurement of the overall performance of a service, such as a telephony or computer network or a cloud computing service, particularly the performance seen by the users of the network.|
|Radio Access Network||RAN||A part of a mobile telecommunication system, which implements a radio access technology.|
|Software defined network||SDN||An approach to network management that enables dynamic, programmatically efficient network configuration in order to improve network performance and monitoring, making it more like cloud computing than traditional network management.|
|Service orchestration||The execution of the operational and functional processes involved in designing, creating, and delivering an end-to-end service.|
|Small and medium-sized enterprises||SME||Businesses whose personnel numbers fall below certain limits.|
|Start Up||A company or project undertaken by an entrepreneur to seek, develop, and validate a scalable economic model.|
|The 3rd Generation Partnership Project||3GPP||The unites [Seven] telecommunications standard development organisations (ARIB, ATIS, CCSA, ETSI, TSDSI, TTA, TTC), known as “Organisational Partners” and provides their members with a stable environment to produce the Reports and Specifications that define 3GPP technologies.|
|Topology and Orchestration Specification for Cloud Applications||TOSCA||A modelling language for service designs in Telcos, Service Providers, Operators and more.|
|Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communications for Remote Device||uRLLC||Guarantees sub millisecond response times enabling services such as industry 4.0, remote surgery, AR/VR, and rescue and smart car applications.|
|Vehicle-to-everything||V2X||Communication between a vehicle and any entity that may affect, or may be affected by, the vehicle.|
|Virtual Network Functions||VNFs||Virtualized network services running on open computing platforms formerly carried out by proprietary, dedicated hardware technology.|
|Virtual private Network||VPN||The opportunity to establish a protected network connection when using public networks.|
|Virtualization||The act of creating a virtual (rather than actual) version of something, including virtual computer hardware platforms, storage devices, and computer network resources.|
|Virtual machine||VM||The virtualization/emulation of a computer system.|
|Yet Another Next Generation||YANG||A data modelling language used to model configuration and state data manipulated by the NETCONF protocol (RFC 6241), NETCONF remote procedure calls, and NETCONF notifications.|
How to cite: Jorge Gallego-Madrid, Ana Hermosilla, Antonio F. Skarmeta, “5GASP: Security and Trust in NetApp Deployment and Operation”, 2021 Joint European Conference on Networks and Communications & 6G Summit (EuCNC/6G Summit): Workshop 8 – From 5G to 6G Automated and Intelligent SecuriTy: FAST, June 2021.
Telecommunication communities are striving to adopt Zero-touch network and Service Management (ZSM) in Network Function Virtualisation (NFV) orchestration. Recent efforts to adopt Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) have caused an upsurge in ZSM applications in the VNF space. While ML and AI complement the ZSM goals for building an intelligent NFV orchestration, a deep knowledge on resource consumption by Network Services (NSs) and its constituent Virtual Network Functions (VNFs) is required, as it can enable AI and ML models to manage the available resources better as well as to enhance user experience.
We propose a Novel Autonomous Profiling (NAP) method that predicts the optimum network load a VNF can support. At the same time, NAP can also estimate the required resources in terms of CPU, Memory, and Network to meet the performance targets and workload by utilising ML techniques. Our performance evaluation results on real datasets show that using NAP’s output in the next generation of NFV orchestration is feasible.
How to cite: S. Moazzeni, Pratchaya Jaisudthi, Anderson Bravalheri, Navdeep Uniyal, Xenofon Vasilakos, Reza Nejabati and Dimitra Simeonidou, “A Novel Autonomous Profiling Method for the Next-Generation NFV Orchestrators,” in IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 642-655, March 2021, doi: 10.1109/TNSM.2020.3044707.
How to cite: M. Volk and J. Sterle, “5G Experimentation for Public Safety: Technologies, Facilities and Use Cases,” in IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 41184-41217, 2021, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3064405.
Authors: Cristian Patachia-Sultanoiu et al.
IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking, Bucharest, Romania, 2021.
Paper written as a result of the work performed on the european research projects projects 5GASP, Vital 5G and ICT-41.
The paper aims to describe the 5G architecture and the testbeds for NetApps. A proposal for a Vehicle Route Optimizer NetApp, from the field of automotive, is presented. This can be tested and deployed following an iterative testing methodology and we introduce a paradigm focused on a fully automated toolchain that caters to the production of any NetApps with very little human interaction through open source software automation tools. In the context of the 5G-PPP project 5GASP we review the testing, integration and deployment of NetApps for improved ease of access and distribution.
Authors: Andreea Bonea et al.
International Symposium on Signals, Circuits and Systems – ISSCS Iasi, 2021
Authors: Marius Nedelcu, Victor Nițu, Teodor Petrescu
International Symposium on Signals, Circuits and Systems – ISSCS Iasi, 2021
Authors: Marius Nedelcu, VIctor Nițu, Teodor Petrescu
IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking, Bucharest, Romania, 2021
Authors: Kostis Trantzas, Christos Tranoris, Spyros Denazis, Rafael Direito, Diogo Gomes, Jorge Gallego-Madrid, Ana Hermosilla, Antonio F. Skarmeta
2021 IEEE International Mediterranean Conference on Communications and Networking (MeditCom)
Authors: Roman Odarchenko, Giorgi Labadze
Scientific and Practical Cyber Security Journal (SPCSJ) 5(2): 45-50
Download the paper: https://journal.scsa.ge/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/6-links-between-5g-ppp-projects-the-road-from-the-past-to-the-future-1.pdf
Authors: Jorge Gallego-Madrid, Ramon Sanchez-Iborra, Antonio F. Skarmeta
MobiSec 2021. The 5th International Symposium on Mobile Internet Security
How to cite: J. Gallego-Madrid, R. Sanchez-Iborra and A. Skarmeta, “From network functions to NetApps: the 5GASP methodology,” Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no.2, pp. 4115–4134, 2022.
Download the paper: https://www.techscience.com/cmc/v71n2/45796
How to cite: X. Vasilakos, M. Bunyakitanon, R. Nejabati and D. Simeonidou, “Towards Low-latent & Load-balanced VNF Placement with Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning,” 2021 IEEE International Mediterranean Conference on Communications and Networking (MeditCom), 2021, pp. 162-167, doi: 10.1109/MeditCom49071.2021.9647532.
How to cite: M. Bunyakitanon, X. Vasilakos, R. Nejabati and D. Simeonidou, “HELICON: Orchestrating low-latent & load-balanced Virtual Network Functions,” ICC 2022 – IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2022, pp. 353-358, doi: 10.1109/ICC45855.2022.9839199.
How to cite: R. Direito, D. Gomes and R. L. Aguiar, “Towards a Fully Automated System for Testing and Validating NetApps,” 2022 IEEE 8th International Conference on Network Softwarization (NetSoft), 2022, pp. 231-233, doi: 10.1109/NetSoft54395.2022.9844037.
IEEE International Mediterranean Conference on Communications and Networking (MeditCom), 2022
IEEE International Mediterranean Conference on Communications and Networking (MeditCom), 2022
Accordingly, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the current research activities on 6G and sets a solid cornerstone towards a more connected, intelligent, and sustainable world.
The book is available free of charge from 6 June 2023 at https://www.nowpublishers.com/article/BookDetails/9781638282389
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